Alain de Serres is currently Deputy Director in the Policy Studies Branch of the OECD Economics Department. His responsibilities include testing and applying innovative analytical frameworks to look for effective and integrated solutions to major economic challenges. The main focus of his work is to examine how different institutional and policy settings – in particular in the areas of regulation and taxation – affect employment and productivity growth through their impact on trade, innovation and financial development. He also contributes to OECD work for the G20 and G7 under the co-ordination of the Sherpa. Before that he was Head of the Structural Policies Surveillance Division in the OECD Economics Department, supervising the preparation and publication of the annual Going for Growth report. He has recently worked on the policy determinants of investment in knowledge-based capital. Prior to that he has contributed to the development a framework for the analysis of green growth policies as well as to the completion of an OECD Report on the economics of climate change mitigation. Part of this work has been published in journals such as Economic Policy, European Economic Review, Environmental and Resource Economics and the Journal of Economic Geography. Alain is Canadian and before joining the OECD, he has worked many years at the Bank of Canada and the Ministry of Finance in Ottawa.